First ICANN Managed Root Server Instance Installed in Palau
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has announced the successful installation of an ICANN Managed Root Server (IMRS) instance in the Republic of Palau (Palau).
A root server is a name server for the Domain Name System (DNS) root zone. Root servers respond to DNS lookup requests made by DNS resolvers generally operated by Internet service providers. When the request is a query about the root zone itself, the root server will respond authoritatively with the answer. For all other queries, the root server will respond with either a referral to the appropriate top-level domain (TLD) name server or an error response (e.g., to indicate a non-existent TLD). Each root server is made up of a number of machines at multiple locations. These machines are known as instances.
A root server instance makes use of an Internet traffic routing technique known as “anycast” that allows all the root server’s instances to have the same two IP addresses (an IPv4 address and an IPv6 address) and to serve the same DNS content, including information about the name servers for TLDs.
The installation of the first Palau instance is a joint effort between ICANN and the Palau National Communications Corporation (PNCC). PNCC supplied the equipment necessary for the installations and the bandwidth needed to support the instance.
“We appreciate the joint effort by PNCC to host the IMRS instance. This commitment improves root zone Domain Name System service, and augments the technical stability and resiliency of the Domain Name System in the region,” said David Conrad, ICANN Chief Technology Officer.
“Having an IMRS instance in Palau should not be considered a PNCC accomplishment,” said Leo Ben Teriong, PNCC Chief Executive Officer. “It is an advancement in the quality of experience that every Internet user in Palau will benefit from, as we continue to build our Republic of Palau hand-in-hand.”
ICANN manages more than 165 IMRS instances around the world, most of which are hosted by third parties. There are now 22 IMRS instances installed in Oceania, located in Australia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Marshall Islands, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, and Solomon Islands.
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